Prosthetics Glossary

Amputation: The surgical removal of all or part of a limb due to disease or injury

AE Amputee: Above-elbow or transhumeral amputee

AK Amputee: Above-knee or transfemoral amputee

BE Amputee: Below-elbow or transradial amputee

AK Amputee: Above-knee or transfemoral amputee

BE Amputee: Below-elbow or transradial amputee

BK Amputee: Below-knee or transtibial amputee

Bilateral Limb: Loss involving two limbs

Body Image: Awareness and perception of one’s body related to both appearance and function

Chopart: Partial foot amputation

Congenital Limb Deficiency: An absent, shortened or abnormal limb present at birth

Disarticulation: Amputation through the joint – i.e., hip, wrist, shoulder, knee, etc.

Extremity: Referring to arms and legs

Hip Disarticulation: Amputation of entire lower limb at hip level ischial Tuberosity

Lower Extremity (LE): Relating to the leg

Myoelectric: Type of upper extremity prosthesis using bio-feedback to control the function

Orthosis: A brace/device that is used to straighten and provide support to a limb or the spine.(Plural: Orthoses)

Orthotist: One who fits braces and devices designed to straighten or support extremities/spine

Partial Foot: Amputation through any part of the foot leaving the ankle intact

PFFD Proximal Femoral Focal Deficiency: shortened femur bone

Preprioception: A sense of the location / orientation of one’s limb in space

Prosthesis/Prosthetic: An artificial replacement for a body part. (Plural: Prostheses)

Prosthetist: One who fits and makes prostheses

Quadrilateral: Limb loss involving four limbs

Residual Limb: Description of remaining limb from joint to amputation site

Stump: A less commonly used word that describes the remaining limb

Socket: Part of the prosthesis that encapsulates the residual limb

Symes: Amputation through the ankle

Transpelvic: Amputation of entire lower limb, plus a portion of the pelvic bone; may also be referred to as a hemipelvectomy

Trilateral: Limb loss involving three limbs

Upper Extremity (UE): Relating to the arm